Fir usually is available in 3414, ab and or bc plugged and sanded,but the core layers have voids, so the veneer layer can punch thru if used as a underlayment. It is similar in color to hemlock a pale yellow with occasional reddish streaks. Proscons of treated auralast pine vs douglas fir wood door and. The forum is a free service, and much like the free content on public radio, we hope you will support woodenboat by subscribing to this fabulous magazine. Use our wood species selector to view various types of wood doors including douglas fir, maple, oak, cherry, bamboo, pine, western red cedar and more. Pine has broad grain lines that wander, making it far weaker than fir. Here, the better natural decay resistance of douglas fir provides a slight advantage over ponderosa pine. Why pine is undervalued, and other secrets from a trained wood. Douglas fir has great screw and nail holding properties. Selecting the right wood finish the craftsman blog. Reclaimed wood of all sorts red cedar, yellow cedar, pine, douglas fir, spruce, oak, walnut, maple.
Vertical grain douglas fir is a versatile wood that ranges from bright white to a light rosy color, which is accented with a dense vertical grain pattern. Pallet floors hardwood floors flooring douglas fir red cedar pine entryway tables woodworking yellow. Strenth of southern pine and douglasfir compared author. Trees that spring up in a forest setting dominated by douglas firs are likely to be hemlocks, which grow well in shady conditions. Windsor introduces vertical grain douglas fir windsor. Pine or douglas fir among the most ecologically and commercially important trees in america are the douglas fir and the many pines native to the country. Douglasfir versus whitewood lumber for framing areas. These woods do more than just give our windows a rich, warm texture theyre also naturally tough and resilient, yet remarkably workable, meaning they are ideal for precision milling and capable of holding the smallest, most intricate detailing. The simple cell structure of softwoods long, uniformly packed fibers gives them a high strengthtoweight ratio, making them flexible and capable of bearing heavy loads. The conclusion can be drawn that douglasfir has superior quality for its strength, durability and moisture resistance. Douglas fir with chappo finish douglas fir the texture of this softwood is smooth with a straight, even grain and knots that create beautiful swirl patterns. Gibson mcilvain has gone through in our decadelong relationship with carrying softwoods, weve come to understand the up sides and down sides of using douglas fir. For stability and strength, fir is much less prone to warping or twisting, and much stronger than pine.
Dfs is always marketed separately for design and engineering, but interchangeable with df and dfl in appearance grades. What is the diff between ponderosa pine and douglas fir. Spf spruce pine fir is the name given to a combination of spruces, pines and firs that share similar characteristics and are found. Is western hemlock suitable for doors and window sash.
Douglas fir does not take stain as well as pine, so its best to go this route if you plan to paint the finished product or keep it bare, with a clear coat finish. The window place knows we are on a budget and is suggesting auralast pine treated wood from jeldwen. Aug 28, 2019 pella 3 wood options for standard windows. The timber durability chart contains 5 classifications, with each class determining how long each timber listed will last. Choose our primed white or white painted interior finish option on any marvin pine windows and doors with a wood exterior, or an additional designer black paint option for products with an aluminum clad exterior. When freshly milled, the douglas fir is a light, rosy color. The windows and fir were finished with varnish no stain. Why pine is underrated and not all mahoganies are equal. They are both widely used in the building industry to provide lumber and plywood for homes and framed structures as well.
Douglas fir is one of the most versatile of the domestic wood species, with uses that include plywood, heavy construction, studding, floor boards, roof trusses, floor and ceiling joists, beams, interior and exterior joinery, windows, doors, marine piling, mining timber and dock and harborbuilding material. Cedar windows archibald posted in wood and materials on june 24, 2006 04. Dec 28, 2018 pine and fir are two softwood species harvested in the northern hemisphere. Collectively, they are called conifers because of their cone production. Douglas fir woods are strong and ideal, with straight grains that are the result of long.
The size material you will need for this project will be readily available in whitewood and will be less expensive. This product fills a big gap between yellow pine vgroove products and premium vertical grade doug fir. Where can i find conclusive information about this subject. Conifers are commonly found growing in ohio landscapes and several species are used as christmas trees. The key difference between pine and fir trees is on the tree foliage. The selection of wood species is of utmost importance to a rooms mood. Douglas fir the texture of this softwood is smooth with a straight, even. However, im confident we can adjust the color and tone of just about any species we use for sash to match the white pine. Fir wood can go either way and be ideal for use in construction or shoddy and undesirable, depending on the species.
Windsor uses only the finest wood clear select pine, natural alder, or douglas fir wood interiors available. The only wooden ships still currently in use by the united states navy are minesweepers, made of douglasfir. Spf means spruce pine fir and a supplier selling it might have a mix of species, but all graded and stamped. It is widely used and has a distinct reddish tan to yellowgray growth rings. Here they are in april, with the typical open grassland understory. Douglasfir versus whitewood lumber for framing areas around new windows, whats better. In comparison to hemlock, pine, or western red cedar, douglas fir is much stronger and harder. Douglas fir is a very strong wood, ranking at a 4 on a scale of 1 to 5. When quartersawn, its grain is strikingly straight and consistent. Wood species selector wood door types simpson doors. Ply specifically for underlayment is usually pine syp, 34,58, 12in. Compare pella windows in three material types pella.
Beach house design photos, live the big white kitchen. The only wooden ships still currently in use by the united states navy are minesweepers, made of douglas fir. Oregon pine, british columbian pine, redfir, bigcone douglas fir and rocky mountain douglas fir. Loewen wood products feature only coastal douglas fir or plantationgrown mahogany in our frames and sashes. Douglas fir is north americas most plentiful softwood species, accounting for onefifth of the continents total. Difference between pine and fir compare the difference. Decades ago, southern pine lumber was not sent out of the southern usa much. I am also installing large windows in a white kitchen with small island. Douglas fir woods are strong and ideal, with straight grains that are the result of long, straight trunks. Common examples of softwoods include pine, douglas fir, spruce and yew. After some research ive read that douglas fir is a.
For some softwoods can be quite hard such as southern yellow pine. Douglasfir pine leaves can be used to make pine needle tea. Clear, coastal douglas fir is the wood of choice for top performing wood windows. Douglas fir is a large coniferous tree with a pyramidal shaped crown. Seems like most manufacturers use either pine from the northwest, but some more expensive use douglas fir. Comparative durability of untreated wood 417 the influence of joint type on rate of decay is illustrated in table 4. Douglas fir pine leaves can be used to make pine needle tea. Best wood for windows in the uk marvin marvin architectural. Vertical grain douglas fir windows are beautifully figured, easily finished to match. Douglas fir is a conebearing softwood, meaning that it is not a true fir. This strong, reliable and workable wood is perfect for use in many projects. Douglas fir seedlings thrive in an open, sunny environment.
White oak not all wood species, such as alder, are well suited for use as an exterior option. Available on the interior of architect series windows. Pine tends to have broad grain lines that wander, and if not properly prepared and dried the soft wood between those grain lines may expand and contract, causing cupping and twisting. The size material you will need for this project will be readily available in. One main characteristic feature of both pine and fir is the production of cones. Fully enclosed but for 5 months of the year, will not be under air ac. Jan 06, 2014 we are getting all wood windows for our addition to our 1918 house that has original windows, which we love. Douglas fir is technically stronger than pine, but if a pine window is designed correctly, it will be strong enough for daily use. Douglass fir is one of the hardest and heaviest softwoods available in north america. It is extremely dense and hard which keeps the insects and water at bay, preventing rot. Foliage characteristics are the best way to differentiate the two, focusing on needle clusters and lengths. The douglas fir tree is a distinct species which was discovered on vancouver island, canada in 1791 by archibald menzies, a. The ponderosa pine pinus ponderosa is found in the dry interior of bc. Sierra pacific windows door multislide aluminum clad wood.
Sierra pacific windows door lift and slide aluminum clad. Windows can be made in oak, idigbo, iroko, sapele, accoya and european. Nature continues to product one of the most energy efficient materials in uncompromising wood. Unlike other window makers, we use coastal douglas fir pseudotsuga menziesii as the standard species in our frames and sashes.
Several wood species are available for kolbe windows and doors, including less common and exotic wood species. Whether you prefer traditional or contemporary, pella architect series wood windows deliver intricately crafted designs with detailed craftsmanship and nearly endless possibilities. Douglasfir is a hugely important lumber tree, grown widely in plantations well outside its native range. Pound for pound, douglas fir is one of pound for pound, douglas fir is one of the strongest western soft woods. Around 40 species alone are native to north america. Even though douglas fir can be a little tougher to find, you wont have to pay a big premium for it. Choice of wood species for window sash jlconline forums. Douglas fir the texture of this softwood is smooth with a straight, even grain and knots that create beautiful swirl patterns. Strenth of southern pine and douglas fir compared author. Depending on the uv inhibitors in the finish used, the wood will typiclally redden with time. Okoume and meranti plywood vs fir plywood the woodenboat forum is sponsored by woodenboat publications, publisher of woodenboat magazine. Vertical grain douglas fir stair parts douglas fir. Today, america is recognized worldwide as a sustainable source of top quality products.
Central sales nw product sheet douglas fir, spf and hem. Tree lines longlived trees, such as the douglas fir pseudotsuga menziesii, have been found in lava beds, suggesting that reduced competition and the presence of fewer pathogens in this environment might be factors in the long life spans. And, both produce cones and these cones are the reproductive structures of these plants. These are very important for the finishing process. From this article, i came to know some important information on wood finishing steps. Their wood is resilient and therefore a favorite choice for many people in various trades. Doors the classic wood door is vertical grain doug fir, for traditional homes or contemporary exterior applications old growth, tight grain wood still readily available, reasonably priced and is naturally more durable and resistant to decay, great for fascia, trim and cornice mouldings. Jul 17, 2017 similar in general form, basic differences exist between fir and pine trees, including botanical name, native ranges, and cone shape. Oct 27, 2009 since the wood you will be using will not be getting wet and will be in an insulated wall, spf spruce, pine, fir lumber is sufficient. I have decided to install hardwood flooring in utah but didnt have any idea on wood finishing materials like polyurethane base, lacquer, shellac. Comparative durability of untreated wood in use above ground.
Softwoods have been exported from the united states for over 400 years. The texture of this softwood is smooth with a straight, even grain and knots that create beautiful swirl patterns. The wood typically has a strait or slightly wavy grain pattern. Spanish cedar spanish cedar looks similar to mahogany and is also very dense. Douglas fir windows have a beautifully distinct grain pattern. Painting on the job site or scheduling offsite finishing is an extra step that takes time and coordination.
I did a house remodel last year and installed pine framed windows. Douglasfir timbers showed much higher acoustic moe value than radiate pine timbers as similar final moisture content. Douglas fir south is set apart from df or dfl by its slightly lower design values for structural applications. White oak, cherry, red oak, or maple are only available for custom windows. The select choice of wood ensures that all fir windows and patio doors contain at least six vertical growth rings per inch, rather than a mixed pattern that has rings that go in many directions. Because the water repellents that are used to treat wood window parts dont typically penetrate very deeply, decay resistance also is important, although to a lesser extent.
Douglas fir is also valued for its dimensional stability and its high specific gravity which provides excellent nailholding capability. The two woods are not an exact match but the colors of each are light with little contrast when seen from a distance. Jul 07, 2015 pine tends to have broad grain lines that wander, and if not properly prepared and dried the soft wood between those grain lines may expand and contract, causing cupping and twisting. Douglas fir on the other hand, features a tight, flowing grain pattern that resists warping and twisting. Many different native american groups used the bark, resin, and pine needles to make herbal treatments for various diseases.
The two woods are not an exact match but the colors of each are light with little contrast when seen from a. Bring your vision to life with pella architect series. Douglasfir versus whitewood lumber for framing areas around. For example, red oak ljoint units had an average life of 6 years compared to. It is priced much closer to yellow pine, but offers the beauty, stability and finishing of doug fir looks great paired with doug fir beams. Fir is most commonly used as a building material versus furniture items and has a reddish brown tint to it. Douglas fir woods are strong and ideal, with straight grains that are the result of. Douglas fir is more expensive than ordinary pine, but is usually fairly comparable to cedar.
Thus has white pine fallen from first place among the timber trees of the. A basic guide to softwoods and hardwoods by michael buckley, fiwsc the commonlyused terms softwood and hardwood are, in fact, rather misleading. Is it possible to use an interior stain followed by polyurethane or spar varnish or will the heat and humidity be too much for it. Pella pine can be prefinished in your choice of 7 stains or 3 paint colors. The usda forest service s center for wood anatomy research notes strength can vary widely in douglasfirs depending on their growing conditions. Since the wood you will be using will not be getting wet and will be in an insulated wall, spf spruce, pine, fir lumber is sufficient. Douglas fir is often offered in both mixed grain and vertical grain. The range of wood we have found best for making hardwood vs softwood windows.
A bad window design with douglas fir, even though it might be one of the strongest woods out there, will not last as long as a good design. Are there advantages of ponderosa pine over douglas fir in windowmaking. Sugar pine is the tallest of the western pines, bearing enormous cones that can be well. Douglasfir shrinkage and dimensional stability douglas fir is an important building timber in north america, particularly in the pacific north west, where it has a reputation for being naturally dimensionally stable the ability to season well in position and retaining its shape during use wwpa, 1996. Douglas fir is known for its extra strength and durability. Douglasfir is also claimed to have uniform properties and thus to be more stable compared to radiata pine. Douglas fir and lodgepole pine are found on higher slopes. In summarizing the difference between pine and fir, both pine and fir are two types of coniferous plants. Douglas fir is used mainly for long length applications rafters or floor joists. They are identified easily by their needles and cones with seeds, as deciduous trees have leaves and different forms such as an acorn with seeds instead. Because it is less expensive than douglas fir, it is often used for residential timber frames.
Jun 25, 2019 looking for information on the durability of a certain wood. Pines are the most diverse genus in the broader pine family, which includes douglasfir as well as many other familiar conifers. Douglas fir pseudotsuga menziesii, known as doug fir to those who live in its territory, and yellow pine pinus ponderosa are two good choices to get you. Choice of wood species for window sash the interior trim will be stain grade clear white pine, as was the original 1890 trim. Properties and distortion of douglasfir with comparison. Douglas fir is not a true fir, hence the hyphenation in its name. Douglas fir accepts most stains or paints very well. Generally, pine tree grows in an irregular form while fir tree grows in a triangular form. It has a good straight grain, can be easily stained, planes well, and is a great wood for hand hewing. This wood is a light, rosy color that is set off by its remarkably straight and handsome grain pattern. The pine and douglas fir used in our worldclass windows and doors is harvested from our very own sierra pacific industries sfi certified forests lands, or from other forest ownerships that satisfy the environmental protection standards of the sustainable forestry initiative. Several kinds of pines native to the southeast loblolly, slash, shortleaf and longleaf are classified in the lumber industry as southern yellow pine and are widely used in construction. Accoya is actually plantation grown radiata pine from new zeland thats then. Douglas fir is a very strong wood, ranking at a 4 on a scale of 1 to 5 for hardness.313 73 1466 1380 321 316 1536 556 1398 213 1045 52 366 470 67 746 1149 1398 820 405 1399 814 1088 1585 1133 412 1526 676 1545 1375 539 1529 346 669 963 1281 1439 723 1071 1345 1201 1111 1408 528